Explained: What ‘Health in India’ survey by MoSPI concludes?

MoSPI or the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has recently released the report of a survey – ‘Health in India’. The main objective was to collect basic quantitative information on healthcare in India religion-wise. The report shares details about the government’s role and private sector facilities. It also provides health information of various religious communities along with estimates of their vulnerability towards ailments. Thus, the survey helps us to get an idea about health in India. Mentioned below are the findings of the survey in detail, scroll down to find the same.

Health in India – Which religious group in India is the most prone to illness?

The report says that the Zoroastrian community remains the most vulnerable to any of the ailments. The Health in India results from the National Sample Survey’s 75th Round show that 31.1 per cent of Zoroastrians suffer from at least one ailment. Zoroastrian is one of the oldest religions on Earth but seems to be more sensitive towards illness. Parsees follow this religion and has major role in Indian history.  The number of people suffering from ailments from other religions according to the Health in India survey is: 

  1. Jains – 11.2 per cent are suffering from any of the ailments
  2. Sikhs – 11 per cent of Sikhs are suffering
  3. Christians – 10.5 per cent are suffering
  4. Muslims – 8.1 per cent
  5. Buddhists – 8 per cent are suffering from illness
  6. And Hindus at 7.2 per cent.

The report on healthcare in India is based on the information collected through NSS Schedule 25.0 (Household Social Consumption: Health) spread over the entire country. The data about health in India were collected via a sample of 1.13 lakh households covering 5.55 lakh persons in the survey.

The know more about this click here.

What is ‘Ailment’ as per the Health in India survey?

The survey on health in India defines ailment as any deviation from some one’s physical and mental state of the state of well-being. The ‘Proportion of Persons who Responded as Ailing’, or PPRA, reflects the number of people suffering from ‘ailments’ within a 15-day period (when the surveyors approached the people)

Religion Male Female Person
Hindu 65 79 72
Muslim 70 93 81
Christian 89 122 81
Sikh 94 127 110
Jain 109 115 112
Buddhist 45 113 80
Zoroastrian 257 359 311
Others 83 54 69
All 67 83 75

The above stats represent the number of ailments in every 1000 persons. The survey on health in India shows that women tend to suffer more from ailments as compared to men. In rural India, 6.1 per cent of males confessed to be suffering from ailments. On the other hand, rural women suffer from ailments at 7.6 per cent. When it comes to health in Urban Indian, 8.2 per cent of males suffer from sickness, while the rate of women suffering from ailments is 10 per cent. To know more about ‘Ailments’, kindly check here – 

Healthcare Service Provider to Treat ‘Ailments’

As per the survey, it is found that 33 per cent of ailments in Rural areas are treated at Government Hospitals. While in Urban areas, 26 per cent of ailments are treated at Government Hospitals. While at the Private Sector hospitals, 21 per cent of ailments are treated from rural areas and 27 per cent of ailments are treated from cities or urban areas. 41 per cent of ailments and 44 percent of ailments are treated by Clinics or Private Doctors.

Healthcare in India – Health Coverage

The survey states that prior to healthcare in India, the coverage for health is availed by 14 per cent of the people in rural areas and 19 per cent of people in Urban areas.

To know more about Nature of Ailments in the Health in India survey, and others please click here.

Healthcare in India – Place of Childbirth

Healthcare in India
Source: MoSPI – Twitter

Health in India: Treatment Seeking Behavior

The Health in India survey states that there is a higher tendency towards seeking Allopathy Treatment is perceived in both sectors (accounting for 95%).

Healthcare in India: Average Hospitalization Expenses

In rural India, the average hospitalization cost is 16,676 INR per hospitalization. In urban India that is 26,475 INR. Such is the condition of healthcare in India.

Health in India – How healthy is India?

The Health in India survey is quite conclusive in reflecting the overall condition of healthcare in India. In all, 7.5 per cent of Indian peoples were reported to be suffering from one or more ailments. As per the survey, there is a notable difference between the numbers of people suffering from ailments in the cities and the rural areas. The numbers are in favour of rural India. In the cities, 9.1 per cent of people tend to fall ill, whereas people in the rural areas suffer from illness at 6.8 per cent. 

The survey is thus quite conclusive. It reflects the status of healthcare in India overall and also shares data on people suffering from ailments religion-wise. Zoroastrian, which is one of the oldest religions in the world, is the most affected with at least 31.1 per cent of people suffering from illness. Likewise, the Health in India survey reflects that of other religions as well. Thus the survey helps to get a clear picture of healthcare in India. 


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Kabita pal
Kabita pal
28 days ago

Good writeup

Kabita pal
Kabita pal
26 days ago

Nice content

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