There are various types of Education that can be followed to fulfil the educational needs. A good education acts like a compass that will guide you at every step of your life and give a meaningful direction to your life. But education is not limited to the things as mentioned earlier. The concept of education encompasses various types of education as well as forms of education. In today’s digital world, it is essential to distinguish between the types of education so that one does not find difficulty in an ocean of knowledge imparting institutions.
From Plato to Nelson Mandela to Malala Yousafzai to Robert Frost, every famous personality has emphasised on the concept of education, and it’s essentialism in a person’s life. Education in more straightforward terms can be explained as a process of acquiring knowledge or imparting the knowledge through any medium such as by giving lectures, reading study materials or some other practical procedure.
Nowadays, with so much information available around us, it becomes our duty to tell you about the right types of education that students can take up.
Defining education and the types of education
Education is the passage towards excellence that makes us aware of things around us. It equips us with the ability to judge what is right and what is wrong. It allows us to know what is happening around us so that we can question things. It enables us to have numerous sets of viewpoints on different subjects. There are various types of education which helps us to get an insight into various things.
Education is the first thing that our parents want to teach us once we step on to this world. Various types of education ensure a lifelong learning experience that makes us capable enough to achieve our goals and ambitions.
All individuals have their imaginations, logic, reasoning abilities and aptitudes. Education offers to hone up those skills by making us aware of the right things. It basically provides a framework to empower individuals and make us productive people.
It is rightly said that education is the most powerful tool that can be used to change the world. But to be prolific in educating ourselves, it is imperative to understand the types of education available around us.
Today there are various outlets of imparting education and knowledge; hence we have talked about the three main types of education that are put forward to human beings.
Let’s Explore the Types of Education
For different people, the types of education can mean different things. Some people consider experiences as the best education. Some may consider education as lectures happening in schools and colleges. While for some, education can be any source that enables them to become more knowledgeable and humble.
According to research, there are three main types of education. These are
Each of these types of education is enumerated below.
1) Formal Education
Formal education is the most common way of imparting education. This is one of the types of education that follows a strict curriculum and syllabus of courses. Formal education is basically the type of education that deals with getting degrees and certificates.
Formal education is one of the types of education that begins with elementary and preschool and ends with a postgraduate degree. Some people study further to earn their PhD degrees. In this type of education, there are certain stages or levels that are built around a set of rules and regulations.
There are specific criteria that institutions must adhere to in a formal setup such as standardised tests, marking schemes, etc. These are generally set up within a state or country by the governing body.
Informal education, there is a constant interaction between the teachers or professors and the students. It is classroom-based where teachers are well equipped with knowledge and skills to impart education to the students.
Some examples of Formal Education
Some of the common real-life examples of formal education can be seen all around us. These are
Classes in colleges, universities
Planned syllabus and curriculum of various subjects in a proper institution
Elements of Formal Education
The structure of formal education is formed hierarchically and is well coordinated.
It is a systematic and planned approach.
Formal education requires the payment of fees at regular intervals of time, such as monthly or quarterly.
It has a specific pattern with respect to the courses or subjects taught. The syllabus curated has to be completed within a particular period of time.
Formal education is based on a grading system.
In this type of education, there is a deliberate interaction of a teacher and a student.
Benefits of Formal Education
A proper structure of the learning process.
An organised set up of educational documents with the latest course and subjects.
Students get to learn from experienced, trained and professional teachers.
There is a process of learning the subjects and then having the final assessment that tests whether the students are capable enough of going to the next class.
Institutions are equipped with classrooms, facilities and are managerially handled.
It leads to the grant of a recognised certificate.
With formal education, there are better chances of getting jobs.
Drawbacks of Formal Education
Formal education is often costly and rigid. Private institutions are more expensive as compared to government institutions.
There is a mix of students in a classroom that might lead to delay in the course delivery.
The course structure is decided by a regulating body that might not suffice for some students.
It leads to a waste of time for lazy students who are not able to grasp key concepts in the given time frame.
Most curriculums informal education do not teach basic values, rather focus on marks and subject-specific courses.
The system of promotion for the next class might act as a hindrance for brilliant students.
2) Informal Education
Informal education encompasses any mode or method of getting an education where there are no institutions involved. There is neither any system of education nor any planned curriculum.
Informal education related to everything that we as kids get to learn from our parents about values, respecting elders, etc. It also relates to small things like learning how to iron clothes or learning how to ride a bicycle.
When we read books or listen to a podcast on financial independence, that comes under informal education, when we do volunteer service and learn about community service, that is known as informal education.
Basically, informal education is all about what we learn beyond the set curriculum and learn through our experiences. It is anything that doesn’t comprise a proper teaching mechanism. However, it enriches our soul and is equally important for our overall development.
Some examples of informal education
Teaching a child some table manners and basic etiquettes.
Learning how to drive a car.
Knowing about using an ATM card.
Learning the mother tongue.
Elements of Informal Education
It has no prerequisite or curriculum.
There is no definite syllabus or timetable to follow.
It is independent of any institution.
Informal education is a type of education that usually goes on lifelong.
There is no stress of giving examinations or getting promoted.
There are no certificates and degrees.
These days there are various trajectories of getting informal education.
Benefits of informal education
The pattern of informal education is more relaxed, and one can follow it at their own pace.
Less costly and time-efficient.
It is more of a self-learning rather than having an experienced teacher.
You can learn it anywhere at any point in time.
Informal education makes people utilise various forms of getting knowledge like books, podcasts, documentaries, blogs, essays, etc.
It is a better manner to grasp a lot of information without having the tension of giving exams on it.
Drawbacks of informal education
There might be a lack of discipline due to no set curriculum.
Sometimes it might lead to disinformation as everything on the internet is not correct.
This type of education is not time-bound and hence not result-oriented.
It does not guarantee proper and full information at times.
The learner grasps the knowledge at his or her own risk, that might not be authentic.
3) Non-Formal Education
Some might mistake non-formal education to be a form of informal education, but that is not the case. Non-formal education has to do more with formal education rather than informal education. In all these types of education, if there is any flexible type of education, then that is non-formal education.
This education type does have a set of curriculum and is systematic, but that can be malleable by the teacher or instructor. It is like the perfect balance between formal and informal education.
In some cases, there may be certifications provided, but mostly it involves imparting a specific form of training or knowledge pertaining to a single topic.
Non-formal education is one of those types of education which is deliberate, but at the same time, it’s evaluation and course curriculum is designed according to the student’s needs and can be moulded by the instructor.
Some examples of Non-formal Education
Non-formal education is anything that is programmed according to the needs of a group.
Community-based adult courses
Elements of non-formal education
The non-formal education is planned but takes place, not in the school curriculum.
It is more vocational and practical based.
Non-formal education is not bound to any age group.
The curriculum and syllabus can be moulded and changed or adjusted according to the individual’s need.
Fees may or may not be necessary.
Non-formal education can be full time or part-time.
This type of education equips individuals with professional skills.
Benefits of non-formal education
It is best suited for individuals and their pace of growth.
The emphasis is on learning and not on rigid systems and curriculum.
Focus is on vocational training and practice.
Non-formal education is more self-learning and at the same time, involves a guide.
There is no proper system of examination.
Often there are no degrees, certificates and awards.
In non-formal education, there is an interplay of both public and private sector enterprises.
Flexible mode of education.
Drawbacks of non-formal education
Attendance of students is often unsteady and not regulated.
For some people, due to non-grant of certificate and degrees, it is considered not relevant.
There are no professional or trained teachers.
It is often difficult to know which institution is fake and which one is authentic.
Many courses are brought about just for the sake of earning money.
Basic speaking, reading and writing skills are crucial for non-formal education.
With these types of education, hope you all are clear on what basically encompasses education. Whatever knowledge an individual learns in his lifetime, it falls under one of the three types of education. Each of these three education types is equally pertinent to an individual’s development.
One thing that must be kept in mind is that an individual might indulge in either one or all of these types of education in his or her lifetime. In the end, what matters is not how well a person is having knowledge of all these education types, but how well that person can comprehend and use it to its maximum potential.