Travelling has become more than a stress buster. For most people these days, travelling is passion. Each traveller has a specific interest. For a few of them, its ancient museums, for a few others its beaches and lakes. Ecotourism is one such aspect of travel, that is best for nature lovers. You will find a plethora of places for Ecotourism in India. Nature includes all forms of landscape, from plains to forests to desert and wetlands. India, with around 32 lakh square kilometre area, has almost all kinds of landforms. This includes the mountains of Himalayas, plains of the North, the deserts of Rajasthan, plates and coastal strips. The main aim of ecotourism in India is to promote tourism without destructing nature. The country will continue to promote tourism without destructing its natural wealth.
Ecotourism in India that every nature lover should visit at least once
1. The lane to Ladakh
The Himalayan ranges are known throughout the world for its snow-covered peaks and eye-catching mountain ranges. Currently, several Non Governmental organisations are actively involved in promoting the lives of natives of Ladakh. There are several tourist attractions in and around the region of Ladakh. This includes the ancient Buddhist monasteries that can kindle the spiritual person in you.
You can also plan for bike travel or even trek the rural villages to experience breathtaking mountain views. If you are an animal lover, then the Hemis National park and Tsomoriri Wetland conservation reserve are must-visit spots. Ecotourists form around the world visit this place, thus making it one of the most favourite spots for Ecotourism in India.
2. Trekking in Himachal
Further down from Jammu and Kashmir, you will find the best travel triangle in India. The frost-filled Shimla, Kullu and Manali are known for their scenic beauty around the world. The state of Himachal Pradesh borders Jammu and Kashmir and Tibet. The confluence of cultures and the traditional lifestyle of people add to nature’s beauty. Tourists who visit Himachal are in awe by the culture and tradition that the people here follow. Some of the well-known ecotourism places in India are here.
The Great Himalayan National park and Pine valley National park will make sure that the traveller gets to see several indigenous florae, that you can find nowhere else. One another must-visit place in this region is the Chandratal Lake. Located at an altitude of 4300 metres above sea level, this is one of the most beautiful lakes in the world. The vibrant shades of the blue lake, surrounded by mountain ranges with snowy peaks, will give you a heavenly experience.
3. Hidden in the capital city
Most people consider New Delhi, the national capital of India, to be a city filled with buzzing traffic and shopping centres. Hidden behind this chaos are serene locations that most people never know. There are several well-known spots which are among the top ecotourism places in India.
Being a national capital, there are a couple of organisations that promote ecotourism in this region. For example, the Chawla-Kanganheri national park is luxuriously natural. To promote ecotourism in this region, these organisations have come up with ideas like camping, boating and other fun-filled activities.
The Yamuna diversity park that is present at around 15 kilometres from the buzzing traffic is home to several endangered plant species. Apart from these JNU caves, the ridge and Yamuna are also a few must-visit ecotourism spots in New Delhi.
4. Beyond spiritual sites
The state of Uttarakhand is known for the holy place of Rishikesh. But did you know that this place also houses several ecologically rich sites? The village of Kumaun is known for its rich tradition. This village has a history that dates back even before the Ramayana and Mahabharata. The attire, food, music and dance of the kumaris are unique that attracts several hundred tourists not just from India, but also from around the world.
Apart from this, the forest department also organises State Bird Spring Festival, which serves as a major attraction. The tiger reserve of Ramnagar, Valley of Flowers and Nanda Devi Biosphere reserve are must-visit places in Uttarakhand. Next time if you plan a spiritual trip to Uttarakhand, do not hesitate to visit these sites as well.
5. The farthest point in east
The North East of India is known exclusively for the rainforest. Arunachal Pradesh has simply known as the bird-watching ecotourism state in India. The Eaglenest, West Kemang in Arunachal Pradesh provides opportunities to ecotourists to watch exotic bird species. Apart from the 650 species of birds, the state is also home to around 500 different species of Flora and Fauna. This includes Tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, snow leopard and several exotic species of the Feline family.
The Dihang-Dibang Biosphere reserve is one of the largest and most biodiverse spots in India. The other sanctuaries in Arunachal Pradesh like, Kamlang wildlife sanctuary, Mouling national park, Sessa orchid sanctuary will give a visual treat to the nature lover in you. The Pakke-Paga hornbill festival is a promotional activity that has the aim to promote ecotourism places in India.
6. To mesmerising Meghalaya
One another state in the northeast that is known for ecotourism is Meghalaya. The state is known for its dense forest and has many spots for ecotourism in India. The high rainfall in this region is the reason why it has a thick forest cover. The sacred grooves of Khasi hills protect and conserve several plant species. This includes the Castanopsis kurzii trees and Khasi pine. Within these gigantic trees, twine hundreds and thousands of ferns, orchids and pipers.
If you wish to smell nature, then this is where you should travel. The Nongkhnum island is the second biggest river island in Asia. The fishing pools, sandy shores and lush grasslands make this place splendid. Jakrem hot spring is one of the favourite winter spots in Meghalaya. This place has improvisations with bathing compartments to help tourist relish this place.
If you visit Meghalaya, you would also get the chance to see the cleanest village in India. The Mawlynnong village is known for the root bridge and its scenic beauty. The tradition of this village is to maintain its cleanliness. Do you know, even the dustbins here are made out of Bamboo?
7. At the gateway of seven sisters
Assam is the state that is filled with green forests, mountain ranges, gushing waterfalls and subtle forests. The state has sites that interest people of diverse interest. From the history to religion to wildlife to flora. The state of Assam is known for the naturally woven silk, which makes it one of the best souvenirs. The state has five national parks and two bird sanctuaries that conserve indigenous species of plants and animals. Thus, it has some best-known places for ecotourism in India.
The rare one-horned rhino is conserved in these national parks. To promote tourism, diving, swimming and rafting in the rivers of Brahmaputra have been initiated. You can also take a rail journey amidst the lush forest of Dibru-Saikhowa national park. The Kaziranga and Orang national park place, that you should never miss if you ever plan a trip to Assam. Majuli, the worlds largest river island, is also located here.
The water body attracts several indigenous and migratory birds, including Pelicans and Siberian cranes. The monasteries and spiritual sites in this location will help your mind reach the state of tranquillity. This state has always been a favourite on the list of ecotourism places in India.
8. En route Sikkim
Sikkim is a state that houses various tribal groups. The three most prominent ethnic communities in Sikkim, with their diverse traditional practices and religion, live in harmony. The Bhutias and Lepchas mostly follow Buddhism and Hinduism. However, they vary in their costumes and food culture. There are several festivals that these communities celebrate. Planning your travel during these times will help you visualise their rituals and practices.
Sikkim is where you will find the third highest mountain peak, the Kanchenjunga. There are 28 other mountain peaks in Sikkim that are worth visiting. The snow from these peaks melts and flows into the prominent rivers of Sikkim, which are Teesta and Rangit. The colourful Rhododendrons, chirping birds, vibrant and fluttering moths and butterflies, makes Sikkim the best place on Earth.
Apart from this, the mountain ranges also protect several medicinal species that are native to this state. The varsity Rhododendron sanctuary, with its colourful flowers, is simply alluring. Apart from this, Kanchedzong national park, Fambong Lho wildlife sanctuary and Kyongnosla alpine sanctuary are all places of scenic beauty, that every ecotourist must visit at least once.
9. Trailing in Karnataka
The state government of Karnataka has taken several steps to promote ecotourism. The western ghats run through the state, thus covering a part of the state with forest. Activities like camping and trekking are organised in the western ghats to promote ecotourism in India. The Bisle forest is a biodiversity hotspot, that looks splendid in the monsoon with a mist-filled view.
Nagarhole, located in the Kodagu district, is for the travellers who love the wild. It is a national park and also a tiger reserve. Devbagh beach is known for resorts and surfing sites. The Bhadra wildlife sanctuary at Chikmanglur, surrounded by acres of coffee estate adds to the scenic beauty.
Tourists can walk up the Mullayanagiri peak, to have a breathtaking view and also to visit the summit temple. In short, Karnataka is a state with ecotourist spots for all nature lovers.
10. Travelling to God’s own land
Kerala, also known as God’s own country, protects several species of flora and fauna. The state is known exclusively for the spices and plantation crops that are grown in abundance. Apart from this, the western ghats also add to the scenery. There are 18 biodiversity hotspots in Kerala that protect and conserves a few endangered wildlife species. The state has various places which are known for the best ecotourism places in India.
The Thenmala ecotourism project is widely known in South India. Periyar Tiger reserve and Deer rehabilitation centre offer several activities for tourists. The Dhoni waterfall, Varayadumotta and the woods of Aralam are places you should never miss out on your travel to Kerala. The state government has initiated several projects that facilitate ecotourism in Kerala.
Ecotourism in India helps to promote the aesthetic value of nature. For people who are used to city life, a vacation to these spots will indeed be rejuvenating. The vibrant colours of nature, the petrichor of soil and the roar of the wild will give you a memorable experience. But there are a few things that you need to keep in mind while visiting an ecotourism hotspot.